What is dementia?

Find out more about what dementia is and what causes it.

Coping when somebody in your family has dementia

Living with dementia can be very hard – not just for the person who is ill, but for their family and friends.

Lists of facts and symptoms help us to understand dementia, but they can’t describe the way dementia changes a person’s relationships with the people they love. This is one of the most upsetting things about dementia, and is different for every person and every family.

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Here are some things that may help:

Plan ahead.

The best way you can help someone with dementia is to give him or her some of your time. This might feel difficult at times. Visit What works for us to read practical advice from young people who have a grandparent or parent with dementia.

Only do as much as you feel you can.

When things don’t go to plan, remind yourself that it’s not your fault. If you don’t feel safe, step away or leave the room. Try again when you are ready. It can take a while to find things that you can enjoy doing together and these things may change over time. What seems wrong one day might be right another day, so don’t be afraid to have a go.

Try to take time out when you can.

It’s normal to feel happy, to laugh and to think about the other things that are happening in your life. Don’t feel guilty about being yourself.

"Be around people that understand, being able to talk to people about it helps."

Talk to someone.

This can be hard, especially if the person you’d like to talk to is dealing with his or her own emotions. Some people find it helpful to speak to friends, or other people who are experiencing the same thing. If you can’t think of anyone you can talk to, visit the useful links page for ideas about where to get help and support.

"Remember other people in your family will probably be feeling the same way as you. The more you can talk about things as a family the better."

Ask questions.

It can feel simpler to search for answers on the Internet, but everyone with dementia is different. What is true for one person may not be true for your relative, or your family. You may find answers to some of your questions here, but the best people to ask are the medical professionals who are helping to care for your relative.

"Your family would much rather you asked questions than worried about things. If they don’t know the answer themselves, they can help you to find out."

Some young people live with a relative who has dementia, and may help to care for them. This can be a very difficult thing to do. If you are a young carer, visit the useful links page to find out where you can get information and support.


When somebody in your family has dementia, it can change your life in many different ways. It’s normal to feel many different emotions. Here are some stories from other young people.

These feelings are all normal, but they can be very difficult to cope with